EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT CBSE

CBSE is one of the best education boards in India. Its curriculum boasts a plethora of subjects that are updated to the latest trends in various industries. This enables the students to bridge the gap between theory and real-world applications. The syllabus associated with CBSE is also helping the student prepare for competitive exams such as JEE Main(Joint Entrance Exam) and NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test).

A brief history of CBSE

It was founded way back in 1921, but it was known as Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education. It fell under the jurisdiction of Rajputana (Includes modern-day Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat). By 1929, a joint board was set up under the name, Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana which included Ajmer, Merwara, Gwalior and most of Central India. In 1952, CBSE got it its present-day name and was reconstituted by 1962. Its jurisdiction extends well beyond the national borders of India – from Afghanistan and Bangladesh all the way to West Africa and Yemen.

CBSE and NCERT

The syllabus set by CBSE for the various subjects are published by NCERT (National Council Of Educational Research And Training). The NCERT books feature content of high caliber and academic value which are prepared by highly educated individuals. The amount of research put into the content aims to help students realize and bridge the gap between theory and application in the real world. Years of analyzing the requirements in the the different industry have culminated to create the most detailed and elaborate study materials without encumbering the students. After all, when the content is student-friendly, the easier they understand the concepts.

And the NCERT solutions published reflects this aspect with their detailed solutions and elaborate illustrations.

The CBSE Grading system – 2019

Every academic institution or a board would have a rating system to evaluate the student’s work and the effort that they have put in. It is important that a student is graded fairly and accurately as this will reflect on future opportunities for the student (such as applying for college or acquiring a scholarship). CBSE grading system awards grades and not marks. The Nine-Point Grading System is no longer used to evaluate performance, instead, The National Subject Average Grading System is incorporated in its place. This has been brought about to improve the standard of education

How it works

Unlike the 9-point grading system, where students have to get qualifying marks in 4 of the five subjects to get promoted, the new grading system (also known as positional grading system) divides the students into eight categories.

Difference between the old and new grading system – CBSE Class 10 and 12
Old CCE Grading systemNew Positional Grading System
91 to 100 = A1Top 12.5% of passed students =   A1
81 to 90 =   A2Next 12.5% of passed students =  A2
71 to 80 =   B1Next 12.5% of passed students =  B1
61 to 70 =   B2Next 12.5% of passed students =  B2
51 to 60 =   C1Next 12.5% of passed students =  C1
41 to 50 =   C2Next 12.5% of passed students =  C2
33 to 40 =   DNext 12.5% of passed students =  D1
21 to 32 =   E1Next 12.5% of passed students =  D2
00 to 20 =   E2Failed students = E

The old system graded students based on their marks. The new system grades change this by awarding grades according to the comparative performance of all the students that appeared in the the exam.

CBSE Exam Pattern – 2019 Update

The main goal of adopting the new pattern is to improve the quality of education and create more opportunities for students in the future.

Class 12

The exam for Class 12 is usually held during the months of March or April. In the new pattern, there are no multiple choice questions anymore, instead, the number of short answers type questions has increased. As before, the new pattern of class 12 has a total of 100 marks for all subjects and they are allocated under two criteria:

  • Theoretical paper
  • Project work or Practicals

CBSE has three main streams namely: Arts, Science and commerce. The distribution of marks in all these streams has been updated as follows:

Science

CBSE class 12 science marking scheme for the year 2019

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Physics Chemistry Biology
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions26
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 2 marks

Short answer II      – 3 marks

Valued based        – 4 marks

Long answer         – 5 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Maths
Theory100 marks
Project work or Practicals
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks100 marks
Total number of questions29
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 2 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer         – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – English
Theory100 marks
Project work or Practicals
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks100 marks
Total number of questions39
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 2 marks

Long answer I        – 5 marks

Long answer II       – 6 marks

Very long answer   – 10 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Computer Science and Physical Education
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks

Commerce

CBSE class 12 commerce marking scheme for the year 2019

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Accountancy
Theory80 marks
Project work or Practicals20 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks80 marks
Total number of questions23
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 3 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer I        – 6 marks

Long answer II       – 8 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Economics
Theory80 marks
Project work or Practicals20 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks80 marks
Total number of questions24
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 3 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Information Practices
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions30
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 2 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Business Studies
Theory80 marks
Project work or Practicals20 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks80 marks
Total number of questions25
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer I       – 3 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer          – 5 marks

Essay type             – 6 marks

Arts

CBSE class 12 Arts marking scheme for the year 2019.

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Geography
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions22
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer         – 2 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

Map skill based      – 5 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – History
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions16
QuestionVery short answer  – 2 marks

Short answer         – 4 marks

Source-based        – 7 marks

Long answer          – 8 marks

Map skill based      – 5 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Home Science
Theory80 marks
Project work or Practicals20 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions16
QuestionVery short answer  – 1 marks

Short answer         – 2 marks

Case study and picture based  – 3 marks

Long answer I         – 4 marks

Long answer II      – 5 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Sociology
Theory80 marks
Project work or Practicals20 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks80 marks
Total number of questions25
QuestionVery short answer  – 2 marks

Short answer         – 4 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Psychology
Theory70 marks
Project work or Practicals30 marks
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks70 marks
Total number of questions28
QuestionLearning check      – 1 mark

Very short answer  – 2 marks

Short answer I       – 3 marks

Short answer II      – 4 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Philosophy
Theory100 marks
Project work or Practicals
Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks100 marks
Total number of questions28
QuestionVery short answer  – 2 marks

Short answer         – 3 marks

Long answer          – 6 marks

CBSE Class 12 Marks Breakup – Political Science
Theory100 marks
Project work or Practicals

 

Question Paper Structure
Time Allocated3 hrs
Maximum marks100 marks
Total number of questions23
QuestionVery short answer I    – 1 marks

Very short answer II   – 2 marks

Short answer              – 4 marks

Long answer I             – 5 marks

Long answer II            – 6 marks

Map based/ picture     – 5 marks

Class 10

The exam for CBSE Class 10 is usually held during the months of March or April. The exam pattern for CBSE Class 10 is divided into 80-20. These 80 marks are awarded by the CBSE and students have to secure 33% in each subject. The remaining 20 marks contributes Internal Assessment and students have to secure 33% marks in each subject. The internal assessment is categorized into 3 types with marks awarded to each. The categories are summarized below:

Internal Assessment
DetailsMarks
Periodic TestsRestricted to 3 tests in an academic year. Average of the best of the two is taken for final calculation10
Notebook SubmissionAward criteria depend on Neatness, regularity, and submission of Assignments5
Subject Enrichment ActivityMaths lab, Map work, and project work, speaking, and listening skills, practical lab work5

 

Overview (per subject)
Internal AssessmentMarks
Periodic Tests10
Notebook Submission5
Subject Enrichment Activity5
Board exam80
TOTAL100

CBSE Exam is a milestone in a student’s life and it is a gateway to a world of opportunities. Investing time and resources to clear the exam is an important step to building a stable career.